Microbial Musings: Citation Format Model for Essay
Use citations to document references to any sources. These must appear both in the body of your text (superscript numbers) and at the end (superscript numbers that match precisely with in-text numbers and include full bibliographic information).
Why we chose this model:
Align bibliographic citations with in-text citations using superscript numbers. In the body of your text, if you quote or reference, do so like this:
“…Hooper and Gordon write something you need to highlight here through direct quotation because it’s crucial to show your readers their exact words.” (1)
Then offer the corresponding source in your references list on a separate page at the end of your paper in the same sequence, with the superscript number first.
Example: final page break
References (ß Center title of your final page)
(1) Hooper L.V., Gordon J.I: (2001) Commensal host-bacterial relationships in the gut. Science 292: 1115-8.
(2) Camus A: (1991) The Plague . New York, NY: Vintage International.
Overview of Basic Citation formats for References lists at end of your text:
Journal articles, books, web sites
For Journal articles
Author’s Last Name First Initial, Author’s Last Name First Initial: (Year) Title of article. Journal Title volume: page range.
Hooper L.V., Gordon J.I: (2001) Commensal host-bacterial relationships in the gut. Science 292: 1115-8.
Author’s Last Name First Initial: (Year) Title of book. City of publication, State Initials: Name of Publisher.
Camus A: (1991) The Plague . New York, NY: Vintage International.
Note: If a book was originally published at a certain time and then reissued later (as is common for novels that become classics but also other kinds of reissued books), you may signal the original date of publication in brackets after the title, as you see done in the citation above.
For Web pages
Page title or heading: Subtitle of specific page. Retrieved full month date, year from Site source/publisher. website: full url
Cholera-Vibrio cholera infection: Epidemiology and risk factors. Retrieved March 19, 2013 from Centers for Disease Control. website: http://www.cdc.gov/cholera/epi.html