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Business & Professional Writing - ENGL/COMM 3093

Strategies and tips for locating resources for your research project

Sample MLA References

References are given using MLA 8th edition.

In Text Citation

MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number(s) should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence.

Example:  (Black 47)

Works Cited


One author

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.

Black, Beth Perry. Professional Nursing: Concepts & Challenges. Elsevier, 2014.

More than one author

Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date. (2 authors)

Held, Julius S. and Donald Posner. 17th and 18th Century Art: Baroque, Painting, Sculpture, Architecture. H.N. Abrams, 1971.

Last Name, First Name, et. al. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date. (3 or more authors)

Kotler, Philip, et al. Good Works!: Marketing and Corporate Initiatives that Build a Better World--and the Bottom Line. Wiley, 2012.

Edited book

Last Name, First Name, editor. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date. (for multiple editors use the same format for multiple authors with 'editors')

Lane, Eric, and Nina Shengold, editors. The Actor's Book of Scenes From New Plays. Penguin Books, 1988.

Chapter or article from a book

Last name, First name. "Title of Essay." Title of Collection, edited by Editor's Name(s), Publisher, Year, Page range of entry.

Kuh, George D., et al. "Engaging Students in the First College Year: Why Academic Librarians Matter." The Role of the Library in the First College Year, edited by Larry L. Hardesty, University of South Carolina, 2007, 17-28.

Journal Articles

One author

Author. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.

Peshori, Kishore S. "Forensic Accounting a Multidimensional Approach to Investigating Frauds and Scams." International Journal of Multidisciplinary Approach & Studies, vol. 2, no. 3, 2015, 26-36.

More than one author

The format for multiple authors is the same for articles and books. List the first author, last name, first name, the second author, first name last name.  For three or more authors, List the first author, last name, first name, et al.

Chen, Wen-Yan, "Analyzing the differentially expressed genes and pathway cross-talk in aggressive breast cancer." Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology Research, vol. 41, no. 1, 2015, 132-140.

Other Types of Sources


Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL, DOI or permalink. Date of access (if applicable).

DeNoon, Daniel J. WebMD. 25 Oct., 2012, Accessed 12 Aug., 2016.

Videos (includes DVDs, VHS, Digital formats)

List films by their title. Include the name of the director, the film studio or distributor, and the release year.

Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope. Directed by George Lucas, Twentieth Century Fox, 1977.