Skip to main content

Nurse Anesthesia: AMA Citation Help

Basic search tips and strategies for nurse anesthesia students

Trial for AMA Manual of Style

This is a trial until the end of April for online access to the AMA Manual of Style. Clicking on this link will ensure you have access to the full eBook and all tools available on their website.

Access is automatically granted when on campus. You should receive an email from your program director to ensure access from off-campus.

Sample AMA Citations

Here are some samples of AMA style references.  For the best results, consult the most recent edition of the "AMA Manual of Style".  The library has a copy in the reference collection available for you to use. Check the link to the right to find more details about the manual.

Important note: In AMA style, the reference list "...should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text." p. 42.

References from books

One author

Author last name Author's first initials. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher; year.

Ellis H. Anatomy for Anaesthetists. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley Blackwell; 2014.

More than one author

(list all authors if six of less, otherwise list first three followed by "et al")

Author(s) separated by commas, Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher; year.

Davis PD, Parbrook GD, Kenny GNC. Basic Physics and Measurement in Anaesthesia. Oxford: Butterworth, Heinemann; 1995.

Edited book

Author(s), eds. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher; year.

Youngberg JA, ed. Cardiac, Vascular, and Thoracic Anesthesia. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 2000.

Chapter or article from book

Author(s) of article. Title of article. In: Editor's name, ed. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher; year: Chapter or page numbers.

Solensky R. Drug allergy: desensitization and treatment of reactions to antibiotics and aspirin. In: Lockey P, ed. Allergens and Allergen Immuno-therapy. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2004:585-606.

Articles in Journals

AMA style requires the use of standard abbreviations for all references, when applicable. A list of the most commonly cited journals can be found in the AMA Manual of Style (p. 473-479). Or you can search for abbreviations through PubMed:

One author

Author of article. Article title. Abbrev Journal Title. Year;Volume:Inclusive page numbers.

Partovi-Deilami, K. Effect of ultrasound-guided placement of difficult-to-place peripheral venous catheters: a prospective study of a training program for nurse anesthetists. AANA J. 2016;84(2):86-92.

More than one author

(list all authors if six or less, otherwise list first three followed by "et al")

Author(s) of article. Article title. Abbrev Journal Title. Year;Volume:Inclusive page numbers.

Heiderich S, Jurgens, J, Rudolf, D, et al. Compatibility of common drugs with acetate-containing balanced electrolyte solutions in pediatric anesthesia. Paediatr Anaesth. 2016;26:590-598.

Articles in Online Journals

DOI's (digital object identifier) are used when formatting articles found online. This is different from the articles you will find in library research databases. The DOI provides a persistent link to the electronic item and is considered to be more stable than a URL. If the DOI is not given, you can use a DOI look-up tool find it:

Article from online journals with DOI available

Note that when using a DOI, no access date or URL are used

Author. Title of article. Name of Journal. Year;Vol(issue):pages. doi:xx.xxxx.

Gan TJ, Diemunsch P, Habib AS, et al. Consensus guidelines for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Anesth Analg. 2014;118(1):85-113. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000000002

Article from online journals without DOI available

The accessed date will often be the only date available

Author. Title of article. Name of Journal. Year;vol(issue);pages. URL. Published date. Updated date. Accessed date.

Tramer M, Moore A, McQuay H. Omitting nitrous oxide in general anaesthesia: meta-analysis of intraoperative awareness and postoperative emesis in randomized controlled trials. Br J Anaesth. 1996;76:186-193. Accessed August 11, 2016.

Web pages

Author or responsible body. Title of item cited. Name of website (if different from the Author). URL Published date. Updated date. Accessed date.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC clinical reminder: spinal injection procedures performed without a facemask pose risk for bacterial meningitis. Updated October 25, 2011. Accessed August 11, 2016.

Other Media

Use for DVDs, videos, cd-roms, and other media formats

Author. Title [format]. Publisher place: Publisher; Year.

Bragg MD. Charting medical records: do's and dont's to avoid liability [VHS]. Boulder, CO: Legal Insight; 2002.


Print Style Guide

AMA Manual of Style

AMA Manual of Style News

Loading ...